Preparation of Manuscripts
Manuscripts must be submitted only in English and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology. Manuscript submission must be applied once in order to obtain only one submission ID number. More than one submission for a single manuscript can lose the chance of the manuscript consideration. The manuscript must be accompanied by a covering letter including the title and author(s) name.
English Language Writing
Authors whose first language is not English should make sure their manuscript is written in idiomatic English before submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).
Submission to all open access journals which are published by Ital Publication proceeds totally online and authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the manuscript files. As part of the manuscript, authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a Word document (*.doc or *.docx), that can be used by referees to evaluate the manuscript. All figures, tables and supplementary data should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file.
References list must be provided according to the journals’ references format (See manuscript template on the journals’ websites). Where applicable, author(s) name(s), year of publication, journal abbreviated title/book title, chapter title/article title, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged.
There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Funding & Acknowledgement and Conflict of Interest. Artwork and Tables with Captions.
Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision the authors are instructed to submit their manuscript with journal format and it may be editable. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. To avoid unnecessary errors the authors are strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check’ for the submitted manuscript.
Manuscript Submission and Verification
Manuscripts are assumed not to be published previously in print or electronic version and are not under consideration by another publication. Copies of related or possibly duplicated materials (including those containing significantly similar content or using same data) that have been published previously or are under consideration for another publication must be provided at the time of online submission.
Manuscript literature and tenses must be structured as Title; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements and References submitted in a file with limited size.
Authorship should be reserved for those, and only those, who have made a significant intellectual contribution to the research. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or general supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Honorary authorship is not acceptable.
1) Everyone who is listed as an author should have made a substantial direct academic contribution (i.e. intellectual responsibility and substantive work) to at least two of the four main components of a typical scientific project or paper:
a) Conception or design.
b) Data collection and processing.
c) Analysis and interpretation of the data.
d) Writing substantial sections of the paper (e.g. synthesizing findings in the literature review or the findings/results section).
2) Everyone who is listed as an author should have critically reviewed successive drafts of the paper and should approve the final version.
3) Everyone who is listed as an author should be able to defend the paper as a whole (although not necessarily all the technical details).
Order of Authors
1) The person who has made the major contribution to the paper and/or taken the lead in writing is entitled to be the first author
2) Decisions about who should be an author, the order of authors and those included in the acknowledgments should usually be made by the first author in consultation with other authors.
3) Those who have made a major contribution to analysis or writing (i.e. more than commenting in detail on successive drafts) are entitled to follow the first author immediately; where there is a clear difference in the size of these contributions, this should be reflected in the order of these authors.
4) All others who fulfill the criteria for authorship should complete the list in alphabetical order of their surnames.
5) If all the authors feel that they have contributed equally to the paper, this can be indicated in a footnote.